Pain and Analgesia in Non-Mammalian Animals (VBMS 437.1)

Recent/Current Offerings

Syllabus / Public content Section Term Instructor
VBMS 437 04 January 2016 Karen Machin (primary instructor)


Provides basic knowledge of the pathways and physiological mechanisms of pain in non-mammalian vertebrates and some invertebrates are provided. Recognition of pain and appropriate treatment, including relevant pharmacology are covered along with clinical application.


Successful completion of Year 2 of the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.

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